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Registration Date 14 Apr 2018
Revision Date 14 Apr 2018
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Sedans catalyst containing metallic nanoparticles for reduction of air pollutants

Automotive Auto Parts

Automotive Catalyst

Nanomaterials

Manufacturer Asserted

Palladium

Pd Nanoparticle /Nanopowder CAS Number : 7440-05-3
Diameter : 2 nm
Manufacturer Asserted

Rhodium

Rh Nanoparticle /Nanopowder CAS Number : 7440-16-6
Diameter : 2 nm

Applications

This product is particularly used in automotive (Peride) as an exhaust gas catalyzer.
Exhaust systems

Properties

This product is a catalyst containing Rhodium and Palladium nanoparticles. It is compatible with automotive catalyst U4. The catalytic activity increases as the nanoparticle size is decreased. High surface-to-volume ratio and highly active surface atoms of nanoparticles compared to those of the bulk catalysts establish Pd and Rh nanoparticles as a promising alternative in the search for milder reaction conditions as well as more environmentally friendly methods.
High Specific Surface Area Environmentally Friendly Removal of Toxic Pollutants

Manufacturer's Description

The world-wide increase in automobile usage is directly correlated with the population increase and thus more vehicular activity is present in densely populated areas. This has been shown to have implications on the health of individuals residing or working in polluted areas as it is well known that inhalation of polluted air, more specifically the Particulate Matter (PM) suspended in air, can cause detrimental health effects including cardiovascular and respiratory disease. A catalytic converter is an emissions control device that converts toxic gases and pollutants in exhaust gas to less toxic pollutants by catalyzing a redox reaction (an oxidation and a reduction reaction). The Platinum Group Metals (PGMs) (Ru, Os, Rh, Ir, Pd and Pt) are all present in very low concentrations in the earth’s upper crust. The main use of these metals is in automobile catalytic converters. Catalytic converters are constructed by depositing approximately 0.2wt% of PGMs on a honeycomb-cordierite substrate (MgO.Al2O3.2.5SiO2) covered by a washcoat of cordierite and γ-Al2O3. The high surface area of the honeycomb structure and that of the porous cordierite enables the exhaust gas to react with the PGM dispersed in the substrate material. Pt and Rh are used for reduction reactions while Pd and Pt are used for oxidation reactions and as their size fall into nano-scale, the catalytic activity increases considerably.