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Textile

In line with the ever-increasing growth in the application of novel technologies in various industries, research teams, governmental organizations, and manufacturers active in the field of textile look for new approaches to use nanotechnology in order to increase the quality of their products. Nanotechnology is mostly used in textile industry in order to create new materials, improve the properties of the existing materials, and increase the products quality. However, nanotechnology has not been yet able to decrease the final price of textile industry products. Target market of nanotechnology products in textile includes a wide range of consumers who need normal or specific products. These products, in general, contain nanomaterials that are directly used on the surface of fibers and fabrics. Among the most commonly nanomaterials used in textile industry, mention can be made of nanofibers and nanostructured composited fibers, carbon nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), clay nanoparticles, and metal oxide nanoparticles such as titanium dioxide (TiO2), zinc oxide (ZnO), magnesium oxide (MgO), and aluminum oxide (Al2O3). The nanomaterials possess a large share of nanotechnology products market, and they are usually sold as final products in forms of suspensions and colloid suspensions. The presence of nanomaterials in the structure of textile industry products results in improving properties such as hydrophobicity, self-cleaning, anti-spot, anti-stain, antistatic, and anti-shrinkage. Nanomaterials also increase the life of products. Various production methods are employed in order to use nanotechnology in textile industry, among which mention can be made of sol-gel, electrospinning, electrostatic self-assembly, directed assembly, convective assembly, and atomic layer deposition.
Nanotechnology products in textile industry are classified into the following subdivisions:
1. Finishing agents including solutions, suspensions, and colloid suspensions, which are used as a coating on fabrics, fibers, and yarn. These products can be used either as final products on fabrics or as additives in finishing processes. 
2. Clothing including pants, shorts, jackets, shirts, T-shirts, suits, socks, underwear, full body suit, and lab coats.
3. Home textile including quilts, towels, sheet and pillowcase sets, sleeping bag, parasol, and bedding.
4. Leather and shoes including slippers, clogs, rubber boots, and insoles.
5. Medical textile including wristband, knee guard, elbow guard, wound dressing, bed mats, and face masks.
6. Sport textile including wetsuits, hapkido uniforms, taekwondo uniforms, and gloves.
7. Technical textile including various types of yarns, acrylic fibers, synthetic staple fibers, various types of fabrics, polyester filament, synthetic filament, nylon filament.
The textile industry keywords are as follows: Nano + fibers (fibres), yarn, fabric, shoes, towel, trousers or pants, shirts, underwear, socks, apparel, outdoor wear, sportswear, bedding, blanket and bed sheets, bed quilt, sleeping bag, curtains, face mask, carpet, ug, noating, and finishing.