In line with the
ever-increasing growth in the application of novel technologies in various
industries, research teams, governmental organizations, and manufacturers
active in the field of textile look for new approaches to use nanotechnology in
order to increase the quality of their products. Nanotechnology is mostly used
in textile industry in order to create new materials, improve the properties of
the existing materials, and increase the products quality. However,
nanotechnology has not been yet able to decrease the final price of textile
industry products. Target market of nanotechnology products in textile includes
a wide range of consumers who need normal or specific products. These products,
in general, contain nanomaterials that are directly used on the surface of
fibers and fabrics. Among the most commonly nanomaterials used in textile
industry, mention can be made of nanofibers and nanostructured composited
fibers, carbon nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), clay nanoparticles, and
metal oxide nanoparticles such as titanium dioxide (TiO2), zinc oxide (ZnO),
magnesium oxide (MgO), and aluminum oxide (Al2O3). The nanomaterials possess a
large share of nanotechnology products market, and they are usually sold as
final products in forms of suspensions and colloid suspensions. The presence of
nanomaterials in the structure of textile industry products results in
improving properties such as hydrophobicity, self-cleaning, anti-spot,
anti-stain, antistatic, and anti-shrinkage. Nanomaterials also increase the
life of products. Various production methods are employed in order to use
nanotechnology in textile industry, among which mention can be made of sol-gel,
electrospinning, electrostatic self-assembly, directed assembly, convective
assembly, and atomic layer deposition.
Nanotechnology products in
textile industry are classified into the following subdivisions:
1. Finishing agents including
solutions, suspensions, and colloid suspensions, which are used as a coating on
fabrics, fibers, and yarn. These products can be used either as final products
on fabrics or as additives in finishing processes.
2. Clothing including pants,
shorts, jackets, shirts, T-shirts, suits, socks, underwear, full body suit, and
3. Home textile including
quilts, towels, sheet and pillowcase sets, sleeping bag, parasol, and bedding.
4. Leather and shoes
including slippers, clogs, rubber boots, and insoles.
5. Medical textile including
wristband, knee guard, elbow guard, wound dressing, bed mats, and face masks.
6. Sport textile including
wetsuits, hapkido uniforms, taekwondo uniforms, and gloves.
7. Technical textile
including various types of yarns, acrylic fibers, synthetic staple fibers,
various types of fabrics, polyester filament, synthetic filament, nylon
The textile industry keywords are
as follows: Nano + fibers (fibres), yarn,
fabric, shoes, towel, trousers or pants, shirts, underwear, socks, apparel, outdoor wear, sportswear, bedding, blanket and bed sheets, bed quilt, sleeping
bag, curtains, face mask, carpet, ug, noating, and finishing.