Anti-bacterial Hydrophobic Contains nanoparticles Anti-allergy Antiperspirant Suitable price Durable
Polyester is a group of polymers that contains one ester functional group in their chain. Polyester fibers have high strength, low water absorption, and least sagging compared to other industrial fibers, and are widely used in the garment industry. Today, a variety of cotton-polyester fabrics are used in the production of shirts in different colors and designs. These substances can be easily contaminated by bacteria or fungi, which can lead to the transmission of severe diseases and infections. Preventing contamination of the surface of these materials by microbes can be performed by using an active antibacterial agent such as nanoparticles within their structure or applying antibacterial coatings. Nanoparticles react with the outer membrane of the bacterium to cause structural changes inside the bacterium and eventually destroy it. On the other hand, applying coatings with nanoparticles help to create hydrophobic properties in the garment, which prevents the formation of stains on the surface. Due to the washing of clothes and the possibility of weakening the hydrophobic properties over time, plasma can be used to maintain the hydrophobic properties on the surface of the garment. Plasma is the fourth state of matter and is created by applying a voltage difference between two electrodes and can be formed either hot or cold. Using plasma, it is possible to change the rate of hydrophobicity by making physical and chemical changes on the surfaces.