Medicine Tissue EngineeringAntibody
Due to their small size and unique structure, Nanobodies are ideal building blocks for the generation of novel biological drugs with multiple advantages: Ability to bind multiple targets with one therapeutic Nanobody molecule. These therapeutic molecules may contain Nanobody building blocks combined with each other (up to 7), or be combined with other protein domains or with other molecules or drugs. Multi-specific (binding different targets; currently 2 bi-specific Nanobodies in the clinic), multivalent (binding identical targets; currently 2 Nanobodies in the clinic) and bi-paratopic (binding different epitopes on the same target) Nanobody molecules have been successfully produced and their potential therapeutic effect demonstrated. The different Nanobody building blocks are linked together with Glycine-Serine linkers with flexible lengths.
Nanobodies® are a novel class of proprietary therapeutic proteins based on single-domain antibody fragments that contain the unique structural and functional properties of naturally-occurring heavy chain only antibodies.
Ablynx’s proprietary Nanobody platform allows for the rapid generation and large-scale production of novel biological therapeutics that have potential in a wide range of human diseases.The Nanobody technology was originally developed following the discovery and identification that camelidae (e.g. camels and llamas) possess fully functional antibodies that consist of heavy chains only and therefore lack light chains. These heavy-chain only antibodies contain a single variable domain(VHH) and two constant domains (CH2, CH3).
The cloned and isolated single variable domains have full antigen binding capacity and are very stable. These single variable domains, with their unique structural and functional properties, form the basis of a new generation of therapeutic molecules which Ablynx has named “Nanobodies”.
Due to their small size and unique structure, Nanobodies are ideal building blocks for the generation of novel biological drugs with multiple competitive advantages over other therapeutic molecules.